History of glasses | Luxury watches and their image

 The history of glasses


golden monocle glass above a book

Nowadays, glasses are an absolute matter of course and an indispensable part of everyday life. If you need glasses, you can either go to the optician or ophthalmologist and have the strength determined. Then you go to the eyewear dealer and choose your favorites from a hundred different models.

Today's high standard of glasses has emerged. The development of glasses, from polished pieces of glass, technical improvements influenced functional instruments. Above all, the rapidly changing viewing habits required ever more precise viewing.


A life without glasses is unimaginable for many

Who could still imagine life without glasses today? Working, driving, shopping. For many, unimaginable without glasses! Reading, watching TV, or going to the cinema would also be impossible for many people without glasses, and no one can or wants to do without precise, sharp vision!
But where did the history of glasses begin? When did people try to design visual aids? In ancient times, people were already concerned with the magnifying effect of water. However, historians assume that the roots of today's glasses lie primarily in ancient times.


The glasses have their origins in ancient times

An important step for the glasses was fundamental knowledge about light refraction and light reflection. The Arab scientists, who provided pioneering findings in the natural sciences, made a particular contribution to this. Outstanding here was the Arab mathematician Abu Ali Al-Hasan ibn Al-Haytham, who researched the magnifying effect of hemispherical lenses and wrote writings on it.
In the 13th century, Italian monks translated the Arabic scripts and were particularly dependent on reading aids because their work was dependent on reading. They made convex reading stones, the forerunners of glasses, and made it possible for the letters to be enlarged for the first time. The magnifying glass-like visual aid was laboriously pushed from one word to the next. Due to the wide networks of the Catholic Church, the reading stones were quickly spread across the country.

The rapid spread of the first "reading stones"

At that time, the silicate mineral beryl was used to grind the lenses - the current term “glasses” was later derived from this. Quartz and glass were also used for the reading stones.
In the course of the 15th and 16th centuries, the visual aids were corrected and revised: hemispherical lenses were further ground and polished. Eventually, the lenses were moved closer and closer to the eye. It was also found that two lenses provide a better quality of vision than a single one because it increases the sharp field of view. To bring the two glasses together, wooden or metal frames were attached.

Stem glasses Forerunners of modern ear glasses

One model of glasses that became more and more similar to ours today was stem glasses. She had staff on the frame to hold the lenses in front of her eyes. The monocle and pince-nez brought a new awareness of glasses, as they were extremely popular until the 18th century. A man with a monocle was even considered wealthy, educated, and cultured.
The glasses as we know them today are ear glasses. In the 18th century, the idea of attaching brackets to the lenses arose. This production made mobility and constant wear possible for the spectacle wearer, as the visual aid no longer had to be constantly held in front of the eyes. The lens quality was finally revolutionized by Carl Zeiss and Otto Schott.


See and look good with glasses

Nose pads, plastic lenses, and plastic frames have steadily improved the comfort of glasses. In the meantime, glasses are no longer just about good vision, but also about good looks. Glasses have become a respected fashion accessory. That is why designers are constantly revolutionizing the old model of ear glasses and presenting their latest eyewear collections every six months for each season.

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Luxury watches and their image


a hand arranges 8 luxury watches

Watches are one of the few ways men can wear jewelry in style. Like clothing and other accessories, a wristwatch can reveal something about personality. But whether with a suit or on the beach, a watch should suit the wearer and complement their style. But caution is advised when choosing the watch, because every watch brand stands for a certain style, whoever goes wrong here runs the risk of being ridiculous. We introduce some watch brands and their image and show which personalities dress them.
We are in the field of luxury watch brands, and in contrast to a simple wristwatch, these chronographs are high-quality timepieces that have additional functions such as a stopwatch, and are equipped with elegant subsidiary dials. The decisive point in the quality of the watches is the mechanics, i.e. the gear train, drive train, regulator, escapement, and striking mechanism. Unlike clocks with a quartz movement, these technical masterpieces do not need batteries. Hundreds or even thousands of hours of manual labor go into luxury watches. There are classic and sporty models, pilot's watches, and diving watches. The classic ones are more elegant, flat, and simple, while sporty models are larger, more elaborate, and more eye-catching.

Which celebrity wears which watch brand?

Sporty watches must of course be robust. They include brands such as TAG Heuer and Ebel, which are sponsors of major sporting events such as Formula 1 and tennis grand slam tournaments. US President Barack Obama also wears TAG Heuer. The sporty image is underpinned by advertising contracts with golf star Tiger Woods and Hollywood greats like Leonardo DiCaprio. The Italian luxury brand Panerai is pursuing a similar advertising strategy, which has been producing extremely resilient diving watches for the Italian combat swimmers since 1938 and the following years. In keeping with this tradition, Panerai has equipped actors in action films such as Sylvester Stallone in “Daylight” or Jason Statham in “Transporter” with one of their chronographs. This quickly shows which image this brand is supposed to convey. For the CEO of a corporation or for a pinstripe suit, other models come into consideration. A much more elegant diving watch is the Rolex Submariner or the Rolex Sea-Dweller. These look sporty on the beach and classic with a suit. The Omega brand, on the other hand, advertises with “James Bond” and George Clooney and thus also shows that their watches convey both a sporty and elegant image.
Pilot's watches also have attributes such as “male” and “sporty”. Among other things, the brands Sinn, IWC, and Breitling feed their image with pilot watch models. As the name suggests, the relatively large and therefore eye-catching pilot's watches were originally designed for aircraft pilots. What they have in common is that they are robust and easy to read. Although there is no generally applicable definition for a pilot's watch, they often have certain properties and functions. Many have a soft iron core against magnetization, and there is usually the option of determining the position with the watch.

Klaus Kleinfeld's Rolex retouching scandal

Breitling chronographs are also worn by Ferdinand Piech, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Volkswagen AG. His VW colleague, CEO Martin Winterkorn, on the other hand, prefers A. Lange & Söhne watches that can be found in the five-digit price segment. Telecommunications boss Rene Obermann is different. He comes from a modest background and is said to have remained on the ground despite his ascent. This can also be seen in the choice of his wristwatch. He wears a comparatively simple and inexpensive Meistersinger Nº 01. He doesn't need a Rolex as a status symbol - unlike many other celebrities from business and society. Even if there are significantly more expensive watches, a Rolex is one of the most well-known status symbols and is even known to non-watch enthusiasts. However, in 2005 the Siemens PR department thought that such an expensive watch would not always be popular, and in an official press photo for the inauguration of the former Siemens boss Klaus Kleinfeld, his expensive Rolex was touched away on the wrist. Siemens was obviously of the opinion that Rolex, record profit, and the simultaneous announcement of job cuts were not a good combination.

Luxury watches as an investment

A five- or even six-figure amount is not uncommon for a luxury watch, even if many watch manufacturers are sometimes producing cheaper and outwardly simpler models as a result of the crisis, as the Baselworld watch fair 2010 according to Chronos editor-in-chief Rudiger Bucher showed. But such high-quality watches are also considered an investment. In these times, when the euro is coming under pressure and some economists are predicting inflation, luxury wristwatches are an option for Recihe to add to its portfolio.
Anyone who is about to be in one of the world's trouble spots again should take a look at the bulletproof watch from Devon Works, which will be released at the end of the year. Its juice only lasts two weeks, but thanks to the polycarbonate crystals it can withstand even the thickest terrorist projectile. The chance that it will hit your watch is not so small, since the chronograph does not exactly nestle discreetly on the arm - but for a mere 15,000 dollars, the wearer wants to be able to show something for a mere 15,000 dollars.

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